Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a valuable technique for noninvasive evaluation of the female pelvic region. This article presents the normal anatomy and abnormalities of the female pelvis. MR imaging may be more useful than clinical evaluation or other imaging modalities in diagnosing or staging developmental anomalies, leiomyomas, adenomyosis, endometrial or cervical carcinoma, vaginal neoplasms, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, teratomas, polycystic ovaries, or other ovarian masses. It could potentially replace laparoscopy as a more useful tool in the diagnosis of uterine anomalies. MR imaging is generally capable of helping determine whether a pelvic mass is uterine or adnexal in origin and may be used to characterize some adnexal masses. In some cases, MR imaging is used to differentiate recurrent disease from posttreatment fibrosis, which aids in treatment planning.

Article History

Published in print: 1992