The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of reader detection of 75% or greater stenosis at high-spatial-resolution multistation magnetic resonance (MR) angiography performed with matrix coils and a blood pool contrast agent. Ten healthy volunteers and 10 patients were examined. All participants provided informed consent to participate in this institutional review board–approved study. For contrast agent–enhanced multistation MR angiography, an albumin-binding gadolinium chelate, gadofosveset trisodium, was used. Imaging was performed during the first-pass and steady-state phases of the contrast agent. Vessel conspicuity on the first-pass MR angiograms obtained in both volunteers and patients was rated as excellent for 93% of vessels. At steady-state imaging, vessel conspicuity was rated as excellent or good for 89% of vessels. Gadofosveset trisodium–enhanced MR angiography yielded sensitivities of 100% and 97% and specificities of 96% and 97% for detection of significant disease in the carotid and lower extremity arteries, respectively.
© RSNA, 2006