Endovaginal sonography and endovaginal color flow imaging were compared in 155 patients with clinical suspicion of ectopic pregnancy. Sixty-five patients (42%) had surgically confirmed ectopic pregnancies. Thirty-six of the pregnancies were diagnosed with endovaginal sonography alone, the criteria being an extrauterine sac or ectopic fetus (sensitivity, 54%). Sixty-two ectopic pregnancies were diagnosed with endovaginal color flow imaging (sensitivity, 95%) when an ectopic fetus or sac was seen or placental flow was identified in an adnexal mass separate from the ovary and uterus. The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was excluded with endovaginal sonography (specificity, 98%) and endovaginal color flow imaging (specificity, 98%) by finding an intrauterine gestation, nonvisualization of an adnexal mass, and absence of placental flow. Three false-positive and three false-negative diagnoses were made with endovaginal color flow imaging (positive predictive value, 97%). The addition of color Doppler flow imaging to endovaginal sonography allows increased sensitivity in the detection of ectopic pregnancy.

Article History

Published in print: 1992